Summary Abstracts
Summer 2018 Journal 

Staying Current on Government Affairs
In his Journal column, Stephen Burt, MFA, BS, AOHP Government Affairs Committee Chair, provides analysis of recent government affairs activities. For this issue, he examines a number of current OSHA agenda items of interest to occupational health professionals. These include: emergency response and preparedness; workplace violence; tracking of workplace injuries and illnesses, powered industrial trucks; and computer-based controls of hazardous energy, among others.

Editor’s Column
This standard feature provides commentary from the current Journal Editor, Kim Stanchfield, RN, COHN-S. In this issue, she relates information about vaccinations, vaccine safety, vaccine research and technology, and vaccination of pregnant women discussed at the CDC National Immunization Conference & Influenza Summit, held May 14-18, 2018, in Atlanta, Georgia.

Association Community Liaison Report
This regular Journal article details how AOHP is gaining visibility as an expert regarding occupational health. In this edition, author Bobbi Jo Hurst, BSN, RN, MBA, COHN-S, SGE, reviews workplace violence (WPV) issues and why hospital workers are at an increased risk. Her report documents organizational characteristics that may contribute to the risk of WPV, effective WPV prevention program elements, and the benefits of following the hierarchy of controls.

Perspectives in Healthcare Safety
Cory Worden, MS, CSHM, CSP, CHSP, ARM, REM, CESCO, shares his insights on safety in healthcare in this standing column. This issue's feature - Frequency, Severity, Politics, and Media Coverage – The False Dichotomy between Workplace Safety and Emergency Management in the Healthcare Environment - reviews the importance of addressing the workplace safety issue of severity with regard to both individuals and facility operations. He also explores the organizational delineation between safety and emergency management. 

Impact of Workplace Violence Against Nurses’ Thriving at Work, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intention: A Cross-Sectional Study
Violence is pervasive in the nursing workplace and can exert long-term effects on nursing work. The objectives of this study are to investigate the interrelationships among workplace violence, thriving at work, and turnover intention in Chinese nurses, and to explore the action mechanism among these variables. Study authors are: Shi-Hong Zhao, PhD; Yu Shi, MA; Zhi-Nan Sun, MA; Feng-Zhe Xie, MA; Jing-Hui Wang, MA; Shu-E Zhang, BS; TianYu Gou, MA; Xuan-Ye Han, MA; Tao Sun, PhD; and Li-Hua Fan, MA. 

Assessment of Environmental and Surgical Mask Contamination at a Student Health Center – 2012-2013 Influenza Season
Healthcare personnel are in high demand during an influenza pandemic. Therefore, protecting these workers from acquiring illness from infected patients is critical for emergency preparedness. Steven H. Ahrenholz, Scott E. Brueck, Ana M. Rule, John D. Noti, Bahar Noorbakhs, Francoise M. Blachere, Marie A. de Perio, William G. Lindsley, Ronald E. Shaffer, and Edward M. Fisher designed this pilot study to assess environmental contamination in different areas and at two different time periods in the influenza season, and to determine the feasibility of using surgical mask contamination to evaluate potential exposure to influenza virus. 

Respirator Fit Test Methods – Are Faster Protocols Equivalent to OSHA?
In the United States, OSHA requires at least annual respirator fit testing for those required to wear tight-fitting respirators in the workplace. OSHA also requires fit testing to be administered using one of the protocols in the Respiratory Protection Standard. This commentary by Roy T. McKay, Chair of ANSI/AIHA Z88.10-2010 – Respirator Fit Testing Method, explains the differences between current OSHA fit testing protocol and more recent faster-fit protocols that could potentially save time and money for those in healthcare, general industry, and other settings.

Respiratory Source Control Using a Surgical Mask: An in Vitro Study
While the appearance of novel airborne viruses and the reemergence of tuberculosis have posed major public health threats, the most appropriate means of protection for healthcare workers against such threats is not well defined. Rajeev B. Patel, Shaji D. Skaria, Mohamed M. Mansour, and Gerald C. Smaldone designed a study to assess the efficacy of surgical masks in providing secondary protection to healthcare workers and others in relation to masks and respirators used for personal protection.